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In the recent case of BTI 2014 LLC v Sequana SA & others, the Court of Appeal considered (1) whether section 423 of the Insolvency Act 1986 could apply to the payment of a dividend and (2) when a director’s duty to consider the interests of creditors arises. The Court held that a dividend is capable of being a transaction at an undervalue within the meaning of section 423(1) of the Insolvency Act 1986 and commented that a director’s duty to creditors arises when directors know or should know that the company is or is likely (i.e. probable) to become insolvent.

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